Neurofeedback Effectiveness & Clinical Research by Disorder









Head Injury (HI)


Learning Disorders (LD)



Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)


Parkinson’s disease

Peak-Performance (PP)





Substance Abuse (SA)

Motor Disorders: Balance, Incontinence & Swallowing




• Arns, M., De Ridder, S., Strehl, U., Breteler, M., & Coenen, A. (2010). Efficacy of neurofeedback treatment in ADHD: The effects of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity: A meta-analysis. Clinical EEG & Neuroscience, 40, 180–189.

• Clarke, A. R., Barry, R. J., McCarthy, R., & Selikowitz, M. (2001). EEG-defined subtypes of children with attention-deficit=hyperactivity disorder. Clinical Neurophysiology, 112, 2098–2105.

• deBeus, R. J., & Kaiser, D. A. (2011). Neurofeedback with children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A randomized doubleblind placebo-controlled study. In R. Coben & J. R. Evans (Eds.), Neurofeedback and neuromodulation techniques and applications (pp. 127–152). New York, NY: Academic Press.

• deNiet, P. (2011). The efficacy of LENS neurofeedback treatment for ADHD: a doubleblind, randomized placebo controlled study on adults with ADHD. Manuscript submitted for publication.

• Fuchs, T., Birbaumer, N., Lutzenberger, W., Gruzelier, J. H., & Kaiser, J. (2003). Neurofeedback Treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children: A comparison with methylphenidate. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 28, 1–12.

• Gevensleben, H., Holl, B., Albrecht, B., Schlamp, D., Kratz, O., Studer, P. . . ., Heinrich, H. (2010). Neurofeedback training for children with ADHD: 6-month follow-up of a randomised controlled trial. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 19, 715–724.

• Gevensleben, H., Holl, B., Albrecht, B., Vogel, C., Schlamp, D., Kratz, O. . . ., Heinrich, H. (2009a). Distinct EEG effects related to neurofeedback training in children with ADHD: A randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 74, 149–157.

• Gevensleben, H., Holl, B., Albrecht, B., Vogel, C., Schlamp, D., Kratz, O. . . ., Heinrich, H. (2009b). Is neurofeedback an efficacious treatment for ADHD? A randomized controlled clinical trial. Journal of Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry, 50, 780–789.

• Holtmann, M., Grasmann, D., Cionek-Szpak, E., Hager, V., Panzer, N., Beyer, A., et al (2009). Specific effects of neurofeedback on impulsivity in ADHD. Kindheit und Entwicklung, 18, 95–104.

• Monastra, V. J., Monastra, D. M., & George, S. (2002). The effects of stimulant therapy, EEG biofeedback, and parenting style on the primary symptoms of attention-deficit= hyperactivity disorder. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 27, 231–249.

• MTA Cooperative Group. (1999). A 14-month randomized clinical trial of treatment strategies for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. The MTA Cooperative Group.

• Perreau-Linck, E., Lessard, N., Levesque, J., & Beauregard, M. (2010). Effects of neurofeedback training on inhibitory capacities in ADHD children: A single-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Journal of Neurotherapy, 14, 229–242.

• Rasey, H. W., Lubar, J. E., McIntyre, A., Zoffuto, A. C., & Abbott, P. L. (1996). EEG biofeedback for the enhancement of attentional processing in normal college students. Journal of Neurotherapy, 1(3), 15–21.

• Rossiter, T. R. (2005). The effectiveness of neurofeedback and stimulant drugs in treating ADHD: Part II. Replication. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 29, 233–243.

• Rossiter, T. R., & La Vaque, T. J. (1995). A comparison of EEG biofeedback and psychostimulants in treating attention deficit=hyperactivity disorders. Journal of Neurotherapy, 1, 48–59.

• Steiner, N. J., Sheldrick, R. C., Gotthelf, D., & Perrin, E. C. (2011). Computer-based attention training in the schools for children with attention deficit=hyperactivity disorder: A preliminary trial. Clinical Pediatrics, 50, 615–622.

• Thompson, L., & Thompson, M. (1998). Neurofeedback combined with training in metacognitive strategies: Effectiveness in students with ADD. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 23, 243–263.

• Wrangler, S., Gevensleben, H., Albrecht, B., Studer, P., Rothenberger, A., Moll, G. H., & Heinrich, H. (2010). Neurofeedback in children with ADHD: Specific event-related potential findings of a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Neurophysiology, 122, 942–950.



• Moore, N. C. (2000). A review of EEG biofeedback treatment of anxiety disorders. Clinical Electroencephalography, 31(1), 1–6.

• Hammond, D. C. (2005b). Neurofeedback treatment of depression and anxiety. Journal of Adult Development, 12, 131–138.

• Hammond, D. C. (2005c). Neurofeedback with anxiety and affective disorders. Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 14, 105–123.


• Scolnick, B. (2005). Effects of electroencephalogram biofeedback with Asperger’s syndrome. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 28, 159–163.

• Thompson, L., Thompson, M., & Reid, A. (2010). Neurofeedback outcomes in clients with Asperger’s syndrome. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 35(1), 63–81.



• Coben, R., Linden, M., & Myers, T. E. (2010). Neurofeedback for autistic spectrum disorder: A review of the literature. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 35, 83–105.

• Coben, R., & Myers, T. E. (2010). The relative efficacy of connectivity guided and symptom based EEG biofeedback for autistic disorders. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 35(1), 13–23.

• Coben, R., & Pudolsky, I. (2007a). Assessment guided neurofeedback for autistic spectrum disorder. Journal of Neurotherapy, 11(1), 5–23.

• Jarusiewicz, B. (2002). Efficacy of neurofeedback for children in the autistic spectrum: A pilot study. Journal of Neurotherapy, 6(4), 39–49.

• Pineda, J. A., Brang, D., Hecht, E., Edwards, L., Carey, S., Bacon, M. . . ., Rork, A. (2008). Positive behavioral and electrophysiological changes following neurofeedback training in children with autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2, 557–581.

• Sichel, A. G., Fehmi, L. G., & Goldstein, D. M. (1995). Positive outcome with neurofeedback treatment of a case of mild autism. Journal of Neurotherapy, 1(1), 60–64.



• Baehr, E., Rosenfeld, J. P., & Baehr, R. (2001). Clinical use of an alpha asymmetry neurofeedback protocol in the treatment of mood disorders: Follow-up study one to five years post therapy. Journal of Neurotherapy, 4(4), 11–18.

• Choi, S. W., Chi, S. E., Chung, S. Y., Kim, J. W., Ahn, C. Y., & Kim, H. T. (2011). Is alpha wave neurofeedback effective with randomized clinical trials in depression? A pilot study. Neuropsychobiology, 63, 43–51.

• Hammond, D. C. (2001a). Neurofeedback treatment of depression with the Roshi. Journal of Neurotherapy, 4(2), 45–56.

• Hammond, D. C., & Baehr, E. (2009). Neurofeedback for the treatment of depression: Current status of theoretical issues and clinical research. In T.H. Budzyknski, H. K. Budzynski, J. R. Evans & A. Abarbanel (Eds.), Introduction to quantitative EEG and neurofeedback: Advanced theory and applications 2nd ed., (pp. 295–313). New York, NY: Elsevier.



• Iasemidis, I. D. (2003). Epileptic seizure prediction and control. IEEE Transactions in Biomedical Engineering, 50, 549–558.

• Sterman, M. B. (1973). Neurophysiological and clinical studies of sensorimotor EEG biofeedback training: Some effects on epilepsy. Seminars in Psychiatry, 5, 507–525.

• Sterman, M. B. (2000). Basic concepts and clinical findings in the treatment of seizure disorders with EEG operant conditioning. Clinical Electroencephalography, 31(1), 45–55.

• Tan, G., Thornby, J., Hammond, D. C., Strehl, U., Canady, B., Arnemann, K., & Kaiser, D. K. (2009). Meta-analysis of EEG biofeedback in treating epilepsy. Clinical EEG & Neuroscience, 40, 173–179.

• Tansey, M. A. (1986). A simple and a complex tic (Gilles de la Tourette’s syndrome: Their responses to EEG sensorimotor rhythm biofeedback training. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 4(2), 91–97.

• Walker, J. E. (2008). Power spectral frequency and coherence abnormalities in patients with intractable epilepsy and their usefulness in long-term remediation of seizures using neurofeedback. Clinical EEG & Neuroscience, 39, 203–204.

• Walker, J. E. (2010b).UsingQEEG-guided neurofeedback for epilepsy versus standardized protocols: Enhanced effectiveness? Applied Psychophysiology&Biofeedback, 35(1), 29–30.

• Walker, J. E., & Kozlowski, G. P. (2005). Neurofeedback treatment of epilepsy. Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 14(1), 163–176.


• Amen, D. G., Newberg, A., Thatcher, R., Jin, Y., Wu, J., Keator, D., & Willemier, K. (2011). Impact of playing professional football on long-term brain function. Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences, 23, 98–106.

• Ayers, M. E. (1987). Electroencephalic neurofeedback and closed head injury of 250 individuals. Head Injury Frontiers, pp. 380–392.

• Ayers, M. E. (1991). A controlled study of EEG neurofeedback training and clinical psychotherapy for right hemispheric closed head injury. Paper presented at the National Head Injury Foundation, Los Angeles, California.

• Ayers, M. E. (1999). Assessing and treating open head trauma, coma, and stroke using real-time digital EEG neurofeedback. In J. R. Evans & A. Abarbanel (Eds.), Introduction to quantitative EEG and neurofeedback (pp. 203–222). New York, NY: Academic.

• Bounias, M., Laibow, R. E., Bonaly, A., & Stubblebine, A. N. (2001). EEGneurobiofeedback treatment of patients with brain injury: Part 1: Typological classification of clinical syndromes. Journal of Neurotherapy, 5(4), 23–44.

• Bounias, M., Laibow, R. E., Stubbelbine, A. N., Sandground, H., & Bonaly, A. (2002). EEG-neurobiofeedback treatment of patients with brain injury Part 4: Duration of treatments as a function of both the initial load of clinical symptoms and the rate of rehabilitation. Journal of Neurotherapy, 6(1), 23–38. • Byers, A. P. (1995). Neurofeedback therapy for a mild head injury. Journal of Neurotherapy, 1(1), 22–37.

• Hoffman, D. A., Stockdale, S., Hicks, L., & Schwaninger, J. (1995). Diagnosis and treatment of closed head injury. Journal of Neurotherapy, 1(1), 14–21. • Hoffman, D. A., Stockdale, S., & Van Egren, L. (1996a). EEG neurofeedback in the treatment of mild traumatic brain injury [Abstract]. Clinical Electroencephalography, 27(2), 6.

• Hoffman, D. A., Stockdale, S., & Van Egren, L. (1996b). Symptom changes in the treatment of mild traumatic brain injury using EEG neurofeedback [Abstract]. Clinical Electroencephalography, 27, 164.

• Keller, I. (2001). Neurofeedback therapy of attention deficits in patients with traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurotherapy, 5, 19–32.

• McCrea, M., Prichep, L., Powell, M. R., Chabot, R., & Barr, W. B. (2010). Acute effects and recovery after sport-related concussion: A neurocognitive and quantitative brain electrical activity study. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 25, 283–292.

• McKee, A. C., Cantu, R. C., Nowinski, C. J., Hedley-Whyte, T., Gavett, B. E., Budson, A. E. . . ., Stern, R. A. (2009). Chronic traumatic encephalopathy in athletes: Progressive tauopathy after repetitive head injury. Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology, 68, 709–735.

• Thornton, K. (2000). Improvement=rehabilitation of memory functioning with neurotherapy= QEEG biofeedback. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 15, 1285–1296.

• Thornton, K. E., & Carmody, D. P. (2005). Electroencephalogram biofeedback for reading disability and traumatic brain injury. Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 14(1), 137–162.

• Thornton, K. E., & Carmody, D. P. (2008). Efficacy of traumatic brain injury rehabilitation: Interventions of QEEG-guided biofeedback, computers, strategies, and medications. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 33, 101–124.

• Tinius, T. P., & Tinius, K. A. (2001). Changes after EEG biofeedback and cognitive retraining in adults with mild traumatic brain injury and attention deficit disorder. Journal of Neurotherapy, 4(2), 27–44.

• Tysvaer, A. T., Stroll, O. V., & Bachen, I. (1989). Soccer injuries to the brain: A neurologic and electroencephalographic study of former players. Acta Neurologica Scandanavia, 80, 151–156.

• Walker, J. E. (2007). A neurologist’s experience with QEEG-guided neurofeedback following brain injury. In J. R. Evans (Ed.), Handbook of neurofeedback (pp. 353–361). Binghamton, NY: Haworth.



• Hammer, B. U., Colbert, A. P., Brown, I. A., & Ilioi, E. C. (2011). Neurofeedback for insomnia: A pilot study of Z-score SMR and individualized protocols. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback. Advance online publication.

• Hauri, P. J. (1981). Treating psychophysiologic insomnia with biofeedback. Archives of General Psychiatry, 38, 752–758.

• Hauri, P. J., Percy, L., Hellekson, C., Hartmann, E., & Russ, D. (1982). The treatment of psychophysiologic insomnia withbiofeedback: A replication study. Biofeedback & Self-Regulation, 7, 223–235.

• Sterman, M. B., Howe, R. C., & MacDonald, L. R. (1970). Facilitation of spindle-burst sleep by conditioning of electroencephalographic activity while awake. Science, 167, 1146–1148.


• Becerra, J., Fernandez, T., Harmony, T., Caballero, M. I., Garcia, F., Fernandez-Bouzas, A. . . ., Prado-Alcala, R. A. (2006). Follow-up study of learning-disabled children treated with neurofeedback or placebo. Clinical EEG & Neuroscience, 37, 198–203.

• Breteler, M. H. M., Arns, M., Peters, S., Giepmans, I., & Verhoeven, L. (2010). Improvements in spelling after QEEG-based neurofeedback in dyslexia: A randomized controlled treatment study. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 35(1), 5–11.

• Fernandez, T., Harare, W., Harmony, T., Diaz-Comas, L., Santiago, E., Sanchez, L. . . ., Valdes, P. (2003). EEG and behavioral changes following neurofeedback treatment in learning disabled children. Clinical Electroencephalography, 34, 145–150.

• Fernandez, T., Harmony, T., Fernandez-Bouzas, A., Diaz-Comas, L., Prado-Alcala, R. A., Valdes-Sosa, P. . . ., Garcia-Martinez, F. (2007). Changes in EEG current sources induced by neurofeedback in learning disabled children. An exploratory study. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 32, 169–183.

• Orlando, P. C., & Rivera, R. O. (2004). Neurofeedbck for elementary students with identified learning problems. Journal of Neurotherapy, 8(2), 5–19.

• Tansey, M. A. (1991b). Wechsler (WISC–R) changes following treatment of learning disabilities via EEG biofeedback in a private practice setting. Australian Journal of Psychology, 43, 147–153.

• Walker, J. E. (2010a, Fall). Case report: Dyslexia remediated with QEEG-guided neurofeedback. NeuroConnections, p. 28.

• Walker, J. E., & Norman, C. A. (2006). The neurophysiology of dyslexia: A selective review with implications for neurofeedback remediation and results of treatment in twelve consecutive cases. Journal of Neurotherapy, 10(1), 45–55.



• Stokes, D. A., & Lappin, M. S. (2010). Neurofeedback and biofeedback with 37 migraineurs: A clinical outcome study. Behavior and Brain Functions, 6, 9.

• Tansey, M. A. (1991a). A neurobiological treatment for migraine: The response of four cases of migraine to EEG biofeedback training. Headache Quarterly: Current Treatment and Research, pp. 90–96.

• Walker, J. E. (2011). QEEG-guided neurofeedback for recurrent migraine headheadaches. Clinical EEG & Neuroscience, 42(1), 59–61.



• Hammond, D. C. (2005a). Neurofeedback to improve physical balance, incontinence, and swallowing. Journal of Neurotherapy, 9(1), 27–36.



• Gruzelier, J., & Egner, T. (2005). Critical validation studies of neurofeedback. Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 14, 83–104.

• Hammond, D. C. (2011). Placebos and neurofeedback: A case for facilitating and maximizing placebo response in neurofeedback treatments. Journal of Neurotherapy, 15, 104–114.

• Hammond, D. C., Bodenhamer-Davis, G., Gluyck, G., Stokes, D., Harper, S. H., Trudeau, D. . . ., Kirk, L. (2011). Standards of practice for neurofeedback and neurotherapy: A position paper of the International Society for Neurofeedback & Research. Journal of Neurotherapy, 15, 54–64.

• Hammond, D. C., & Kirk, L. (2008). First, do no harm: Adverse effects and the need for practice standards in neurofeedback. Journal of Neurotherapy, 12(1), 79–88. • Kamiya, J. (2011). The first communications about operant conditioning of the EEG. Journal of Neurotherapy, 15(1), 65–73.

• Quirk, D. A. (1995). Composite biofeedback conditioning and dangerous offenders: III. Journal of Neurotherapy, 1(2), 44–54.

• Weiskopf, N., Scharnowski, F., Veit, R., Goebel, R., Birbaumer, N. & Mathiak, K. (2004). Self-regulation of local brain activity using real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Journal of Physiology, (Paris) 98, 357–373.

• Weiskopf, N., Veit, R., Erb, M., Mathiak, K., Grodd, W., Goebel, R. & Birbaumer, N. (2003). Physiological self-regulation of regional brain activity using real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI): methodology and exemplary data. Neuroimage, 19, 577–586.

• Yoo, S., O’Leary, H., Fairneny, T., Chen, N., Panych, L., Park, H. & Jolesz, F. (2006). Increasing cortical activity in auditory areas through neurofeedback functional magnetic resonance imaging. Neuroreport, 17, 1273–1278. .



• Hammond, D. C. (2003). QEEG-guided neurofeedback in the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder. Journal of Neurotherapy, 7(2), 25–52.

• Hammond, D. C. (2004). Treatment of the obsessional subtype of obsessive compulsive disorder with neurofeedback. Biofeedback, 32, 9–12. • Prichep, L. S., Mas, F., Hollander, E., Liebowitz, M., John, E. R., Almas, M. . . ., Levine, R. H. (1993). Quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) subtyping of obsessive compulsive disorder. Psychiatry Research, 50(1), 25–32.

• Surmeli, T., Ertem, A., Eralp, E., & Kos, I. H. (2011). Obsessive compulsive disorder and the efficacy of qEEG-guided neurofeedback treatment: A case series. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 42, 195–201.


• Ibric, V. L., & Dragomirescu, L. G. (2009). Neurofeedback in pain management. In T. H. Budzyknski, H. K. Budzynski, J. R. Evans & A. Abarbanel (Eds.), Introduction to quantitative EEG and neurofeedback: Advanced theory and applications 2nd ed., (pp. 417–451). New York, NY: Elsevier.

• Raffa, R. B., & Tallarida, R. J. (2010). Chemo fog: cancer chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment. New York, NY: Springer Science.



• Thompson, M., & Thompson, L. (2002). Biofeedback for movement disorders (dystonia with Parkinson’s disease): Theory and preliminary results. Journal of Neurotherapy, 6(4), 51–70.


• Arns, M., Kleinnijenhuis, M., Fallahpour, K., & Bretler, R. (2007). Golf performance enhancement and real-life neurofeedback training using personalized event-locked EEG profiles. Journal of Neurotherapy, 11(4), 11–18.

• Gruzelier, J., Egner, T., & Vernon, D. (2006). Validating the efficacy of neurofeedback for optimising performance. Progress in Brain Research, 159, 421–431.

• Gruzelier, J., Inoue, A., Smart, R., Steed, A., & Steffert, T. (2010). Acting performance and flow state enhanced with sensory-motor rhythm neurofeedback comparing ecologically valid immersive VR and training screen scenarios. Neuroscience Letters, 480, 112–116.

• Hanslmayer, S., Sauseng, P., Doppelmayr, M., Schabus, M., & Klimesch, W. (2005). Increasing individual upper alpha by neurofeedback improves cognitive performance in human subjects. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 30(1), 1–10.

• Ros, T., Mosely, M. J., Bloom, P. A., Benjamin, L., Parkinson, L. A., & Gruzelier, J. H. (2009). Optimizing microsurgical skills with EEG neurofeedback. BMC Neuroscience, 10, 10–87.

• Vernon, D. J. (2005). Can neurofeedback training enhance performance? An evaluation of the evidence with implications for future research. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 30, 347–364.

• Zoefel, B., Huster, R. J., & Herrmann, C. S. (2010). Neurofeedback training of the upper alpha frequency band in EEG improves cognitive performance. NeuroImage, 54, 1427–1431.



• Peniston, E. G., & Kulkosky, P. J. (1991). Alpha-theta brainwave neuro-feedback therapy for Vietnam veterans with combatrelated post-traumatic stress disorder. Medical Psychotherapy, 4, 47–60.

• Trudeau, D. L., Anderson, J., Hansen, L. M., Shagalov, D. N., Schmoller, J., Nugent, S., & Barton, S. (1998). Findings of mild traumatic brain injury in combat veterans with PTSD and a history of blast concussion. Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences, 10, 308–313.


• Collura, T. F. (2009). Neuronal dynamics in relation to normative electroencephalography assessment and training. Biofeedback, 36, 134–139.

• Collura, T. F., Guan, J., Tarrant, J., Bailey, J., & Starr, F. (2010). EEG biofeedback case studies using live Z-score training and a normative database. Journal of Neurotherapy, 14, 22–46.

• Collura, T. F., Thatcher, R. W., Smith, M. L., Lambos, W. A., & Stark, C. A. (2009). EEG biofeedback training using live Z-scores and a normative database. In T. Budzynski, H. Budzynski, J. Evans & A. Abarbanel (Eds.), Introduction to quantitative EEG and neurofeedback, 2nd ed., (pp. 103–141). Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Elsevier.

• Hammond, D. C. (2010b). The need for individualization in neurofeedback: Heterogeneity in QEEG patterns associated with diagnoses and symptoms. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 35(1), 31–36.

• Hammond, D. C., Walker, J., Hoffman, D., Lubar, J. F., Trudeau, D., Gurnee, R., & Horvat, J. (2004). Standards for the use of QEEG in neurofeedback: A position paper of the International Society for Neuronal Regulation. Journal of Neurotherapy, 8(1), 5–26.

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• Bolea, A. S. (2010). Neurofeedback treatment of chronic inpatient schizophrenia. Journal of Neurotherapy, 14(1), 47–54.

• Cortoos, A., Verstraeten, E., Joly, J., Cluydts, R., De Hert, M., & Peuskens, J. (2010). The impact of neurofeedback training on sleep quality in chronic schizophrenia patients: A controlled multiple case study. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 35(2), 125–134.

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• Surmeli, T., Ertem, E., Eralp, E., & Kos, I. H. (in press). Schizophrenia and the efficacy of qEEG-guided treatment: A clinical case series. EEG & Clinical Neuroscience.


• Ayers, M. E. (1995a). A controlled study of EEG neurofeedback and physical therapy with pediatric stroke, age seven months to age fifteen, occurring prior to birth. Biofeedback & Self-Regulation, 20, 318.

• Ayers, M. E. (1995b). EEG neurofeedback to bring individuals out of level 2 coma. Biofeedback & Self-Regulation, 20, 304–305.

• Bearden, T. S., Cassisi, J. E., & Pineda, M. (2003). Neurofeedback training for a patient with thalamic and cortical infarctions. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 28, 241–253.

• Cannon, K. B., Sherlin, L., & Lyle, R. R. (2010). Neurofeedback efficacy in the treatment of a 43-year-old female stroke victim: A case study. Journal of Neurotherapy, 14, 107–121.

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• Alper, K. R., Prichep, L. S., Kowalik, S.,Rosenthal, M. S., & John, E. R. (1998). Persistent QEEG abnormality in crack cocaine users at 6 months of drug abstinence. Neuropsychopharmacology, 19, 1–9.

• Arani, F. D., Rostami, R., & Nostratabadi, M. (2010). Effectiveness of neurofeedback training as a treatment for opioid-dependent patients. Clinical EEG & Neuroscience, 41, 170–177.

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• Horrell, T., El-Baz, A., Baruth, J., Tasman, A., Sokhadze, G., Stewart, C., & Sokhadze, E. (2010). Neurofeedback effects on evoked and induced EEG gamma band reactivity todrug-related cues in cocaine addiction. Journal of Neurotherapy, 14, 195–216.

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• Crocetti, A., Forti, S., & Bo, L. D. (2011). Neurofeedback for subjective tinnitus patients. Auris Nasus Larnx, 38, 735–738.

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